Major new research has completely changed our understanding of both where dinosaurs originally evolved and how they can be grouped together.
Matthew Baron of Cambridge University and lead author in this radical new theory suggests the first dinosaurs may now have orginated in the northern hemisphere, possibly an area that is now Britain not in the southern hemisphere as had previously been thought. The research also shows that the carnivorous dinosaurs such as Velociraptor, Spinosaurus and Tyrannosaurus rex have been wrongly classified - they should not be seen as Saurischian or lizard-hipped dinosaurs but instead should be grouped with the ornithischian plant-eaters or bird-hipped dinosaurs.
It was British paleontologist Harry Seeley who in originally placed dinosaurs into two distinct groups in 1888 – saurischian and ornithischian. For 130 years this grouping has been accepted. The origins of dinosaurs were thought to be in the southern hemisphere in particular in South America where the oldest fossils have so far been found. During the new research the importance of the two dinosaur discoveries in Scotland and England came to light.
“This is a radical shake up of the dinosaur world,” said Tim Batty the curator of the Dinosaur Museum in Dorchester, “for many years the origins and groupings of the dinosaurs has gone unchallenged. It is exciting news and further strengthens Britain’s position as a major dinosaur nation. The first dinosaurs to be scientifically named – Megalosaurus and Iguanodon - were discovered in England, the word ‘dinosaur’ was invented by Richard Owen a leading British scientist, and now it would appear that the very first dinosaurs came from what is now Scotland.”
“The dinosaur family tree will also need to be redrawn with the theropods moving across the family tree to join the plant eaters in a new group known as Ornithoscelida. The research also demonstrated that the meat eaters evolved on two separate occasions. One unforeseen result of this new grouping is that the sauropods such as Diplodocus and Brachiosaurus could be seen as no longer being true dinosaurs.”
For those wishing to discover more about the fascinating world of dinosaurs the Dinosaur Museum is the perfect place. It has a rich mix of fossils, life-size dinosaur reconstructions, skeletons, hands on and interactives. It is open daily 10am to 5pm all year. Go to www.thedinosaurmuseum.com for more information.